Discussion on Methods of Promoting Energy Saving and Emission Reduction by Electric Power Circulation Economy
The implementation of energy-saving emission reduction is to implement the scientific development, building a socialist harmonious society is a major initiative, is the inevitable choice of sustainable development. According to China's national conditions and some international experience of energy-saving emission reduction, put forward the theoretical system of energy-saving emission reduction and technical support system. Starting from the establishment of long-term mechanism of energy-saving emission reduction, focusing on energy-saving emission reduction of China's theoretical system, technical support system, market and policy mechanisms to carry out research.
Circular economy method of energy saving and emission reduction
First, the definition of circular economy and energy saving
Recycling economy, is the last production process of waste into the next production process of raw materials (factors of production), so that a series of interrelated production process to achieve a ring-like organic combination into almost no waste production. This is a way to maximize resource conservation, maximize the utilization of resources, economic growth model.
Energy-saving emission reduction, refers to the reduction of energy waste and reduce emissions. China's "Eleventh Five-Year Plan" put forward, "Eleventh Five-Year" period unit of GDP energy consumption reduced by about 20%, the total emissions of major pollutants by 10%.
Second, the electricity market model of energy-saving emission reduction
In the energy-saving emission reduction work, we must perform their duties, the market should actively cooperate with the relevant government policies and measures, so that the market can play a fundamental role in resource allocation. In the short-term or medium-and long-term market, to establish a market-based emissions and energy consumption system, the access to the subject, can make their own decisions, self-participation in market transactions, to reflect the effect of energy saving, energy saving And the market mechanism of unity, effectively on the high pollution, high energy consumption of the generating units to implement control for low-pollution, high-efficiency generating units to provide opportunities. Emissions trading is based on environmental protection system, according to a certain market mechanism, through the sale of emission rights to control the way sewage. Since the implementation of this approach, the polluters from their own interests, choose to buy emissions rights, greatly reducing pollution.
In the case of China's electricity market, the system of energy conservation and emission reduction is not very perfect, each place should be based on their own characteristics of the development of different systems, mainly through the power of corporate security financing activities, the contract energy management mechanism is profitable Of the mode of operation and to reduce greenhouse gas-based trading mechanism.
Third, the development of circular economy and promote energy-saving emission reduction methods
1, the development of circular economy, promote energy-saving emission reduction empirical
The power industry is an important support for economic and social development, but also the focus of energy-saving emission reduction. From the total, the power industry is the energy consumption and pollutant emissions, "big." In recent years, China's power industry developed rapidly. Preliminary statistics, in 2006, the national installed capacity of 100 million kW, the total capacity of more than 600 million kW, of which thermal power generation accounted for 77.8%; complete power generation growth of 13.5%, of which thermal power growth of 15.3%. With the continuous expansion of the scale of the power industry, its own energy consumption and pollution problems become increasingly prominent. In 2006, more than 1.2 billion tons of coal was used for power generation, half of the total coal consumption, and S02 accounted for 54% of the country's total emissions. From the efficiency perspective, the overall energy consumption of thermal power units in China is obviously high. In 2006, the standard coal consumption of thermal power units in China was 3669 / kW.h, which was 60 g / kWh higher than the international advanced level. According to the latest statistics, Japan's coal-fired power unit standard coal consumption per kWh of 299 g / kW.h, South Korea 300s / kW.h, Italy 303 g / kW.h. If we can achieve the level of coal consumption in Japan in 2006, saving 220 million tons of raw coal.
2, vigorously promote technological innovation. To support the development of circular economy technology to promote energy conservation
If the market price can accurately reflect the value, in the resource constraints, but also determines the direction of technological innovation. In general, the purpose of technological innovation is to solve the bottleneck restricting economic development. For example, when the rich land resources and even land ownership is not clear, people will choose extensive cultivation of extensive management. Once the land resources are scarce, people through technological innovation, improve the unit area of land production. For example, in Western Europe after the 18th century, the direction of technological development was to replace the labor force with machinery because of the rising price of labor. Today, when nonrenewable resources are becoming scarce, the direction of technological innovation is to conserve resources, improve resource use efficiency, turn waste into wealth, and create resources to replace nonrenewable resources. As a result, on the one hand to improve the comprehensive utilization of resources, saving resources, technology attention, on the other hand, the development of science and technology and the economy has spawned a series of alternative, recyclable energy resources. In this case, the development of circular economy in China to promote energy-saving emission reduction has become a matter of course.
3, and actively explore the development of circular economy, energy-saving emission reduction to promote the effective mode of operation
Circular economy is actually the embodiment and extension of the basic theory of economics, which is the same as the basic economic theory. The development of circular economy, but also in line with objective economic laws, but also conform to the basic rules of the market economy. If there is uneconomic situation, government departments should be guided and coordinated, if necessary, should introduce preferential policies or appropriate subsidies. For example, if in order to improve the circular economy industrial chain or the need for waste recycling and damage to the interests of individual enterprises, the Government should assume the responsibility to safeguard the interests of these enterprises, there are several ways to solve: First, the government through tax incentives, Interest subsidies and other incentive policies to provide support for enterprises; Second, the government subsidies directly to enterprises; third is to accurately reflect the value of the market, through the market access to stable economic benefits.
4, improve the development of circular economy and promote energy-saving emission reduction policy system
Should give full play to the leading role of the market mechanism, at the same time with the financial, tax and other economic policies to optimize the development of circular economy and promote energy-saving emission reduction link between the nodes, so that the formation of the main body complementary interaction, symbiotic benefits, reduce operating costs , Rationalize the operation mechanism to achieve the dynamic stability of circular economy and long-term development.